### Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

This course provides materials in: system, unit and definition; equations of state: ideal gas, virial and cubic equations; First Law and Second Law of Thermodynamics; closed and open system; Isothermal, isobaric, isometric, adiabatic, and mixing processes; Free energy; Properties of real fluids: calculation of change in internal energy, change in enthalpy, and change in entropy using thermodynamic diagrams, tables, and equations of state. Ideal gas flow systems: expansion, compression and throttling. Thermodynamic cycles; Solution properties: partial molar quantities, fugacity and activity; phase equilibrium criteria; ideal and non-ideal; Calculation of activity and fugacity coefficients: K-values; Equilibrium phase envelope for single and multi-component systems: definitions of critical point, cricondenterm, cricondenbar; Phase equilibrium calculations; Chemical reaction equilibrium criteria; Degree of reaction continuity; Chemical reaction equilibrium constant calculation for homogeneous & heterogeneous and homogeneous multiple reaction.

**References:**

- Smith, J. M., Van Ness, H. C., Abbott, M. M., & Swihart, M. T. (2018). Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics (8th ed.). McGraw-Hill.
- Geankoplis, C. J., Hersel, A. A., & Lepek, D. H. (2018). Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles (5th ed.). Prentice Hall.
- Reklaitis, G. V., & Schneider, D. R. (1983). Introduction to Material and Energy Balances. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- Moran, M. J., Shapiro, H. N., Boettner, D. D. & Bailey, M. B. (2011). Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics (7th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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### PVT of A Pure Substance and Steam Table

Pressure-Volume-Temperature is the fundamentals in thermodynamics. While steam tables are needed to understand the properties of water in various pressure and temperature range. This session includes materials about:

- PVT (Pressure-Volume-Temperature) Diagram
- Steam Table
- Volumetric Properties of The Fluid
- Latent Heat and Vapor Pressure
- Residual Functions

### 1^{st} Law of Thermodynamics

1^{st} law of thermodynamics is the fundamentals in energy conservation. The materials discussed includes:

- Basics Understanding of 1
^{st}law of Thermodynamics - Overall and Mechanical Energy Balance
- Thermodynamics Process and Cycle for Ideal Gases
- Heat Effects of Industrial Reactions
- Theoretical Adiabatic Temperature

### 2^{nd} Law of Thermodynamics

Second law of thermodynamics introduce the concept of entropy. The materials discussed includes:

- Basics Understanding of 2
^{nd}law of Thermodynamics - Entropy Change for Ideal-Gas State
- Entropy Balance for The Open System
- Carnot Engine
- Ideal and Lost Work

### Applications of Thermodynamics to The Process Engineering

Thermodynamics cycles and concepts in proess engineering will be discussed in this session, including:

- Fluid-Moving Equipments
- Production of Power from Heat
- Refrigeration and Liquefaction

### Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium for Ideal Solutions

Vapor-Liquid equilibrium is the fundamentals concept in process engineering to understand separation concepts and other process engineering concepts. This session discuss materials:

- Introduction to Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium
- Raoult Law
- K-Value Correlations
- Henry Law for Non-Condensable Gases
- Dewpoint and Bubblepoint Calculations
- Flash Calculation
- Azeotrope System Calculation

### Solution Thermodynamics

In solution thermodynamics, materials that will be discussed are:

- Partial Molar Properties
- Fugacity and Fugacity Coefficients: Theory and Calculations
- Activity and Activity Coefficients: Theory and Calculations
- Heat of Solution and Mixing

### Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium for Non-Ideal Solution

This sessions is the continuation of ideal vapour-liquid equilibrium session, which includes materials in:

- Modified Raoult Law
- Dewpoint and Bubblepoint Calculations using Modified Raoult Law
- Flash Calculation using Modified Raoult Law
- Gamma-Phi Formulation

### Chemical Reaction Equilibria

Chemical reaction in thermodynamics discuss the effect of thermodynamics to chemical reaction equilibrium. This session includes:

- Introduction to Chemical Reaction Equilibria
- Reaction Coordinate and Equilibrium Conversion
- Le-Chatelier Principles
- Effect of Temperature on The Equilibrium Constant
- Relation of Equilibrium Constants to Composition
- Multireaction Equilibria
- Reactions in Heterogeneous Systems