Fundamentals of Heat Transfer (Dasar-dasar Perpindahan Panas)

Kursus ini memberikan prinsip dasar fenomena perpindahan panas dalam operasi teknik kimia: konduksi, konveksi, dan radiasi, dengan beberapa aplikasi dalam rekayasa proses, termasuk penukar panas serta aspek keselamatan dari sistem perpindahan panas.


  1. Bergman, T. L., Lavine, A. S., Incropera, F. P., & Dewitt, D. P. (2011). Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer (7th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  2. Holman, J. P. (2010). Heat Transfer (10th ed.). McGraw-Hill.
  3. Bird, R. B., Stewart, W. E., Lightfoot, E. N., & Klingenberg, D. J. (2014). Introductory Transport Phenomena. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  4. Cengel, Y. A., & Ghajar, A. J. (2014). Heat and mass transfer: Fundamentals and applications (5th ed.). McGraw-Hill Professional.

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Introduction to Heat Transfer

This session introduce the fundamentals of heat transfer. This session includes materials about:

  1. Physical Origins and Rate Equations (Conduction, Convection, Radiation)
  2. Relationship of Heat Transfer to Thermodynamics
  3. Relevance of Heat Transfer

One Dimensional Steady-State Conduction without Heat Generation

The materials discussed in this session includes:

  1. Conduction Rate Equation
  2. Thermal Properties of Matter
  3. Heat Diffusion Equation (Fourier's Law)
  4. Boundary and Initial Conditions
  5. Steady-state Conduction in a Plane Wall
  6. Steady-state Conduction in Radial Systems

One Dimensional Steady-State Conduction with Heat Generation

The materials discussed in this session includes:

  1. Conduction with Thermal Energy Generation - The Plane Wall
  2. Conduction with Thermal Energy Generation - Radial Systems
  3. Heat Transfer from Extended Surfaces

Two Dimensional Steady-State Conduction

The materials discussed in this session includes:

  1. Mathematical Analysis of Two-Dimensional Heat Conduction
  2. Conduction Shape Factors
  3. Finite-Difference Equations

Unsteady-State Conduction

Unsteady state conduction are commonly found in process industries. This session discuss:

  1. Lumped Capacitance Method
  2. Validity of Lumped Capacitance Method
  3. General Lumped Capacitance Analysis
  4. Semi-Infinite Solid

Principles of Convection

Convection is a way heat transfers through moving medium. This session discuss:

  1. Convection Boundary Layers
  2. Local and Average Convection Coefficients
  3. Laminar and Turbulent Boundary Layers
  4. Physical Interpretation of the Dimensionless Parameters

Forced Convection Systems: External Flow

Forced convection by external flow mostly found in our daily life, e.g. refrigeration. This session will also discuss:

  1. Empirical Method
  2. The Flat Plate in Parallel Flow
  3. Flow Across Cylinders
  4. Flow Across Spheres
  5. Flow Across Tube Banks

Forced Convection Systems: Internal Flow

Forced convection by internal flow mostly found in process engineering cases, e.g. pipe flow. This session also includes materials in:

  1. Hydrodynamic Considerations
  2. Thermal Considerations
  3. Laminar Flow in Circular Tubes
  4. Turbulent flow in Circular Tubes
  5. Noncircular Tubes and the Concentric Tube Annulus
  6. Flow in Small Channels

Natural Convection Systems

Natural convection is when the convection process happend without the influence of external or internal factors. This session discuss:

  1. Physical Considerations
  2. Laminar Free Convection on a Vertical Surface
  3. Free Convection from Vertical Planes and Cylinders
  4. Free Convection from Horizontal Plates and Cylinders
  5. Free Convection from Inclined Surfaces
  6. Free Convection from Spheres
  7. Free Convection in Enclosed Spaces
  8. Combined Free and Forced Convection

Boiling and Condensation

Latent heat influenced the process of boiling and condensation. The materials that will be discuss in this session are:

  1. Dimensionless Parameters in Boiling and Condensation
  2. Boiling Models
  3. Pool Boiling
  4. Forced Convection Boiling
  5. Physical Mechanism of Condensation
  6. Laminar and Turbulent Film Condensation
  7. Condensation in Horizontal Tubes

Heat Exchangers

Heat exchangers is one of the most used process equipments in process industries. This session will discuss heat exchanger, which includes:

  1. Heat Exchangers Types
  2. Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient
  3. Fouling Factors
  4. Log Mean Temperature Difference (LMTD)
  5. The Effectiveness - NTU Method
  6. Heat Exchangers Design and Performance Calculations

Radiation: Processes and Properties

Radiation is a heat transfer process without medium. This session will discuss:

  1. Concept of Radiation
  2. Radiation Heat Fluxes
  3. Radiation Intensity
  4. Blackbody Radiation
  5. Emission from Real Surfaces
  6. Absorption, Reflection, and Transmission by Real Surfaces
  7. Kirchoff's Law
  8. The Grey Surfaces
  9. Environmental Radiation

Radiation: Exchange Between Surfaces

Radiation works if there are two or more surfaces exists. This session will discuss:

  1. The Shape Factor
  2. Blackbody Radiation Exchange
  3. Radiation Exchange between Opaque, Diffuse, Gray Surfaces in an Enclosure